Impacts of White-tailed Deer On Endangered and Threatened Vascular Plants
Natural Areas Journal, 1992.
To assess the impact of white-tailed deer on flora, a review of pertinent literature and a telephone survey of professional botanists, endangered species scientists, natural area managers, and US National Park Service resource managers was undertaken. Ninety-eight species of threatened or endangered plants were reported disturbed by deer. Monocots and dicots comprised 39.8% and 56.1%, respectively, of the species disturbed. Of the disturbed species, 38.7% belonged to families Liliaceae and Orchidaceae.